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363                                                  PABGAHl  KOSI.

made when the order came for my transfer. At a rather greater distance in
fae opposite direction is a lake with unfinished stone ghats, the work of R4j4
Suraj Mall ; this is called Durv&sas-kund, after the irascible saint of that name 
but there is no genoine tradition to connect him with the spot ; though it is
sometimes said that the town derives its name from a ' blanket ' (kamaJ} with
which Krishna persuaded him to cover his nakedness. Among the trees on the
margin of the lake are some specimens of the Khanddr or Salvadora Punica.
This is less common than the oleoides species? and is a prettier tree and blossoms
earlier. Its fruit, however, is bitter and uneatable. In the town are several
large brick mansions built by Chaudharis Jasavant Sinh and Sita Ram, the
Baja's connections, and one of them has a fine gateway in three stories, which
forms a conspicuous land mark : but all are now in ruins. At the back of the
artificial hill on wliich they stand, and excavated to supply the earth for its
construction , is a third tank of still greater extent than the other two, but of
irregular outline, and with only an occasional flight of stone steps here and there
on its margin.

A temple of Suraj Mall's foundation, dedicated to Madan Mohan, is spe-
cially affected by all the Jats of the Bahin-war pal, who are accounted its
ckelasj or sons, and assemble here to the number of some 4,000, on Chait badi
2 and the following day, to celebrate the mela of the Phiil-dol. The school, a
primary one, is not a very prosperous institution. The Chaukidari Act has been
extended to the town ; but it yields a monthly income of only Rs. 60, which,
after payment of the establishment, leaves an utterly insignificant balance
for local improvements. The only work of the kind which has been carried
out is the metalling of the principal bazar.

under the Jats the head of a pargana, is a large but somewhat
decayed village on the bank of the Jamuna, some ten miles to the north-east
of KosL It is one of the very few places in this part of the country where
the population is almost equally divided between the two great religions of
India; there being, according to the census of 1881, as many as 1,137
Mnhammadans to 1,084 Hindus. The total area is 3,577 acres, of which 2,263
are under the plough and 1,314 are untilled. Of the arable land 612 acres are
watered by wells, which number in all 63 and are many of masonry construc-
tion. The Government demand is Us. 3,907. The village was founded
* Pil is the peculiar name for any sub-division of Jatg. In the Koai Parana, the principal
Jit Piii in addition to the Bafain-w&r, who own Kamar and 11 other Tillages, a*e the Denda,
I^ksma, ana Gfeatona. Similarly erery sulwli vision of Mewatis m called & Mat.